We all would like to believe that our tap water is pure, clean and safe to drink. However, the reality is different. The public water supply is contaminated with a myriad of hazardous contaminants, such as the chemical chromium-6.
In this article you’ll discover about chromium-6 as well as how it is absorbed to drinking water. I’ll also discuss the potential dangers of chromium-6, and , ultimately, ways to eliminate the contaminant from water source.
- 1 What exactly is Chromium-6 in drinking water?
- 2 What risks are associated with Chromium6?
- 3 How can I Test the presence of Chromium-6 within Water?
- 4 How to get rid of Chromium 6 in Water
- 5 Frequently Answered Questions
- 5.1 Is reverse osmosis able to eliminate the chromium 6?
- 5.2 Do PUR filters actually remove chromium-6 from water?
- 5.3 Does Brita remove chromium-6?
- 5.4 Can boiling water eliminate the chromium-6?
- 5.5 Does Zero Water remove chromium-6?
- 5.6 Does the water in bottles contain the element chromium-6?
- 5.7 Is the EPA have a policy for chromium-6 levels in drinking water?
- 5.8 What can I do to find out if my water is containing the element chromium-6?
- 5.9 About Author
What exactly is Chromium-6 in drinking water?
Chromium 6, also known by the name of “Erin Brockovich Chemical” is a metallic compound of the periodic table, which is classified as chromium. It is also being referred to as Hexavalent Chromium.
Contrary to other metals, chromium-6 tastes flavorless and smellless. It can be found in numerous natural ecosystems, such as rocks, ores as well as soils, plants as well as organic dirt. Chromium-6 is also present in human beings and animals.
While it’s natural but chromium-6 can also be produced industrially in huge amounts. It can cause pollution if producers do not follow the proper method to dispose of their waste for this substance.
Alongside chromium-6 other distinct types of this very metal are the chromium-3 (it’s also known as trivalent chromium) and the chromium-0 (this is the metal version of chromium).
Chromium-6 is the one that is most harmful to the quality of drinking water and safety, and isn’t a necessary human diet element, therefore I’ll focus on this type of chromium for this article.
Chromium-6 is employed in many industrial processes. It is a crucial component in making stainless steel and chrome plates and is also utilized to enhance leather tanning and preservation of wood. In addition, chromium-6 can be an element in the textile dyes, dyes as well as conversion coatings as well as anticorrosion coatings.
The EPA has established the specific levels for drinking water for total Chromium*. Public drinking water sources must contain lower than 0.1 milligrams per Liter (mg/l) (or 100 parts/billion) (ppb) of chrome. While following this maximum contaminant threshold the public drinking water system is mandated to check the levels of this chemical in their drinking water sources.
However, a report that was done by the EWG (it stands for Environmental Working Group) revealed that chromium-6 appears in higher-than-recommended quantities and levels in the water consumed by more than two-thirds of people in the US, roughly equating to 200 million Americans.
What risks are associated with Chromium6?
There are a myriad of health risks that come with Chromium-6.
Research has revealed that this particular group of chemical compounds functions like a reproductive toxin males and females. It’s also a cancer-causing agent – an ingredient that can trigger the development of cancer.
The most widely known health consequences of chromium-6 relate to the inhalation of the chemical. The compounds in the group could also trigger allergic dermatitis as well as skin irritations. But, recent research suggest that consuming the hexavalent chromium compound is also susceptible to causing serious adverse health effects.
Alongside cancer and reproductive harm In addition, chromium-6 can trigger asthma flare-ups and anemia, convulsions, kidney and liver damage ulcers, gastroenteritis eye irritation. These adverse health effects for people may be caused by in-situ and long-term exposure to chromium-6 from drinking water.
The state of California is not the only one to recognize risks posed by chromium-6 however in 2008, it became part of the Proposition 65 list of toxic pollutants in California.
Alongside cancer of the reproductive system In addition, chromium-6 can trigger asthma flare-ups, anemia convulsions, kidney and liver damage ulcers, gastroenteritis respiratory issues, and eye irritation. These health issues for humans may be caused by shortand long-term exposure the chromium-6 found in drinking water.
Some states aren’t aware of risks posed by chromium-6 however, in 2008 it became part of the Proposition 65 list of toxic substances in California.
Different regions could have different levels of chromium-6 naturally occurring on their soils based on the geography as well as other natural elements.
In addition to sources for environmental pollution, chromium-6 could be introduced into drinking water supplies through industrial waste. Paint dyes, dyes, chrome plate as well as stainless steel scrap and wood preservatives are all able to dissolve into water at locations that store hazardous waste.
Communities that are near factories that make use of or dispose of Chromium-6 are more likely have greater levels of the chemical in soil, rocks and drinking water.
How can I Test the presence of Chromium-6 within Water?
To find out if your water has Chromium-6, you’ll need to test the water source you are drinking from.
One alternative is to employ an home water test kit to do the task. But I would not recommend this methodfor accurate checking for the chromium-6. Even if you were able to find a test which showed that chromium was present it’s extremely unlikely to give specific results for the chromium-6.
The most precise method of testing for the chromium-6 element is the laboratory test. For this kind of test the client is required to send the water sample to a lab, which will conduct in-depth tests. carried out. The results are typically received within a few weeks.
The benefit of having an in-lab test is that it’s extremely thorough, which means you’ll be able to identify the exact amount of chromium-6 in the sample.
You can also buy testing kits to determine the presence of any other contaminants that are present in water, or you’d like to determine your total levels of chromium and the chromium-6 level.
Laboratory tests cost between 40 and $200, based on the local competition, the lab you choose to use, as well as whether you decide to test for other contaminants in addition to chromium-6.
How to get rid of Chromium 6 in Water
It’s extremely unlikely you’ll be successful in requesting that chromium-6 be eliminated completely from your water supply before it gets to your home. Eliminating trace amounts of element chrome is a pricey complicated task that is it’s not something that a lot of water treatment facilities are capable of tackling.
But, you don’t need to consume this kind of chromium-containing water, since there are many at-home water purification systems capable of eliminating chromium-6.
Reverse osmosis is among the most efficient methods of water filtration to significantly reduce the amount of chromium 6. This kind is a water filter that can also eliminate the majority of contaminants, including up to 99.99 percent of the total water dissolved solids, in actual.
A reverse osmosis filtration device operates by sending water with a higher pressure over a variety of filter stages as well as an Osmosis membrane.
The carbon filter and pre-filter in RO systems are able to remove lead, chlorine, and other aesthetic pollutants. However, if you’re trying to get rid of chromium-6 is the membrane of reverse osmosis which is crucial.
RO membranes feature a semi-permeable surface composed from thousands of small pores typically less that 0.0001 microns in size. When water is pushed against it, just small water particles are able to be able to pass through, and virtually all dissolving substances are discarded in the waste stream.
Chromium-6 is one of those substances that are too massive for the RO pores. The filtration system continuously flushes when it is in operation and the chromium-6 and other contaminants that are trapped will be flushed away through a drain in purified water production.
I suggest looking at reverse-osmosis water purifiers which have been certified to eliminate chromium-6 in tap water. In the event that the RO water filtration system has been certified by NSF/ANSI 58 It means it has been tested privately and certified to meet the standards for TDS removal as well as structural quality and construction as well as claims for reducing contaminant levels and efficiency ratings.
You can purchase reverse osmosis filters that come in various sizes and styles:
Countertop reverse Osmosis Filters
The design is to be placed on your kitchen counter and requires electricity to run. It is necessary to fill the countertop RO system with water and then sit back and wait for RO water filtration to begin. Within a few minutes, you’ll in a position to serve yourself a glass RO water that has been filtered.
Reverse Osmosis Water Filters
They are connected to your cold line under the kitchen sink. They could include tanks (meaning they keep RO water in a tank ready to drink) and tankless (meaning they pump liquid through the filter, and directly to your faucet).
Whole-Home RO System
The most expensive and complete solutions available in the present. The systems are able to filter the water used throughout your house, which means that the water used for showering and drinking and the water you use by your appliances will be free of contaminants.
Most water filter system do not have the capability of removing the chromium-6. Only a specific system will effectively eliminate this chemical.
If you are looking for a water purifier to get rid of this kind of chromium from your water, be sure to check results from tests along with independent reviews , and FAQs prior to you purchase.
Also, you should look for a filter which has been NSF certified and tested and certified, which means you can be sure that the manufacturer’s removal of contaminants claims are true.
Frequently Answered Questions
Is reverse osmosis able to eliminate the chromium 6?
RO systems are among the best options to eliminate this health-threatening contaminant that is found in drinking water. A lot of RO systems available today are certified by NSF/ANSI to cut down the amount of chemical by over 95 percent.
Additionally, RO can filter out an array of other harmful contaminants, such as chemical compounds and toxic heavy metals such as lead as well as fluoride, dissolved salts and pathogens, such as bacteria.
Do PUR filters actually remove chromium-6 from water?
The answer is No. As of now, there are no tests related to reduction of chromium-6 with the help of PUR pitcher filters. So we’re likely to find them ineffective at removing this chemical.
Does Brita remove chromium-6?
No. In addition, Brita’s pitcher filters do not currently make chromium-6-free drinking water. It’s important to check with Brita’s manufacturer regularly to determine what changes are planned in the near future, but for now there’s no answer.
Can boiling water eliminate the chromium-6?
No. In reality boiling water will raise it’s PPB (parts per billion) amount of this metal within your drinking water. This is due to the fact that some water evaporates, leaving smaller amount of water with the identical amount of chrome-6.
It’s extremely difficult to get rid of any kind of contaminant that is boiling water on its own. You’ll need an extraction system that allows the evaporated water, which is impure and free of contaminants to be stored in a separate, clean container.
Does Zero Water remove chromium-6?
Yes. Zero Water can perform 99.7 percent elimination of the chemical. What can make Zero Water’s Zero Water pitcher any more powerful in comparison to Brita or PUR? Zero Water uses an ion exchange filter instead of conventional carbon filtering.
Does the water in bottles contain the element chromium-6?
It’s all dependent upon the origin of. If you decide to consume the bottled water each day throughout your life however, you’re not protected against this element. Take a close look at the label to check for the presence of chromium. If the label states it has been cleansed through RO, there’s a high likelihood that it’s free from the chromium-6.
Is the EPA have a policy for chromium-6 levels in drinking water?
No. In the present it appears that the EPA is the only one with a regulation on the total Chromium. According to the website of the EPA it does not appear that there’s any plans to update this regulation yet.
However, the EPA is conducting an assessment of the impact the chemical has on health. Following that we can expect that EPA will decide whether this particular type of chromium should be regulated separately or if the current overall chromium regulation needs to be modified based on the latest data.
What can I do to find out if my water is containing the element chromium-6?
In addition to arranging for an analysis in a lab of your water, you can make contact with the nearby treatment center. The information you’re looking to find could be online however, you can also contact or email the facility for a quick response directly from the source.
Alternately, you can utilize the interactive map created by the Environmental Working Group to see whether your region is affected.